Neurodiversity: What is it?

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More and more people are focusing on our brain Differences, not deficits. This broader view of “normal” is an important part of the so-called neurodiversity.Advocates hope that this idea will expand our view of developmental disabilities to include Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Dr. Alecia Santuzzi, associate professor at Northern Illinois University, said that if this concept becomes mainstream, it will lead to major changes in education and workplace norms.

Santuzzi said: “This really makes people take a step back and think more creatively about all the different ways of working or school tasks.”

What does nerve divergence mean?

The autistic sociologist Judy Singer (Judy Singer) began to use the term “neurodiversity” in the late 1990s. It refers to the concept that certain developmental disorders are normal variations in the brain. People with these functions also have certain advantages.

E.g, ADHD There may be trouble in time management. But they often show high enthusiasm, drive and creative thinking.

Sarah Cussler, assistant director of undergraduate writing and academic strategy at the Yale Poorvu Teaching Center, said: “Even their impulse can be an advantage.” “Because they will say things that others dare not say.”

Neurodiversity is not the same as disability. However, people with neurodivergence characteristics may need to live in work or school.

Cassler said: “Students with neurodiversity are great students.” “They can be truly creative, visionary, out-of-the-box thinkers. However, through some classic assessments, they will meet More difficult.”

In addition to ADHD, neurodiversity usually refers to people with the following diseases:

Neurodiversity student

Whether it’s elementary school or university, Cussler says that it’s important to consider a student’s learning profile. This is how people process information in different ways.

However, some children may find themselves in trouble when it comes to obtaining academic support.

Kessler said that the neurodiversity approach produced an extensive network that “caught everyone.”

Kasler said: “Now on campus, the shift to the term neurodiversity is no longer a disability.” “This has a certain value, because we must not only pay attention to the legal definition of the disabled, but also include greater Groups.

“This includes people with or without documented learning disabilities or differences.”

Neurodiversity at work

People with neural divergence characteristics may spend a lot of time trying to adapt to their work environment. They may need to manage their social impressions or find a way to stop distractions.

Santuzzi said that over time, this extra work may harm job performance, manual labor and Mental Health.

She said: “This really creates an unfair situation for the workers.”

If the modern workplace adopts the concept of neurodiversity, Santuzzi believes that it can alleviate some stigma and pressure Affect these workers. This includes people who avoid help because they are afraid of the judgment of a colleague or boss.

Santuzzi said: “They don’t want people to think they are trying to use the system.”

If you are an employer, here are some tips on how to adjust:

  • Create employment opportunities for different types of workers.
  • Consider different work schedules and environments.
  • Develop a flexible work design that welcomes people (when, where, and how).

Focus on being positive

Neurodiversity advocates suggest that people pay too much attention to the damage caused by diseases such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). They think that a better way is to focus on what someone is good at, rather than what they lack.

For example, there is some evidence that:

People with ADHD have high spontaneity, courage and empathy. They can focus on certain tasks.

Those with Autism Pay attention to complex details, have a good memory, and show certain “professional” skills. Experts believe that this may be an asset in certain jobs, such as computer programming or music. As one researcher said, Wolfgang Mozart (Wolfgang Mozart) has a strong musical memory and absolute pitch.

People with dyslexia can perceive certain visual information better than people without the disease. This skill may be useful in jobs such as engineering and computer graphics.

We need more research, but experts believe that the genes for these developmental “diseases” still exist because of their evolutionary advantages. For example, behaviors such as hyperactivity and impulsivity may have helped our ancestors find food or escape danger.And have strong non-social skills, for example some people Autism For our prehistoric ancestors living in nature, this is a good thing.

Challenges surrounding neurodiversity

Medical experts and people with neurodiversity characteristics do not always agree on the meaning of neurodiversity.Some people think that diseases like autism are always

Disabled. People differ greatly in the way they identify themselves. Some people prefer identity-first language, while others do not.

Santuzzi said: “There are workers with autism, and there are workers with autism.”

Santuzzi said that despite the difference between neurodiversity and disability, now, “some people want to stick to their disability status to recognize that the workplace and school environment have not yet adjusted.” “And they are still at a disadvantage.”

source

source:

Dr. Alecia M. Santuzzi, Associate Professor of Psychology; Director of Research Methodology Services at Northern Illinois University.

Sarah Cussler, Assistant Director of Undergraduate Writing and Academic Strategy, Yale University Education and Learning Center, Yale University.

British Medical Bulletin: “Neurological diversity at work: A biological psychosocial model and its impact on working adults.”

AMA Ethics Magazine: “Their Normal Brain Myth: Embrace Neural Diversity.”

ADHD attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder: “The positive aspects of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: A qualitative study of successful adults with ADHD.”

Frontiers of Psychology: “The neurodiversity, talent and aesthetics of music in children with autism.”

Human Resource Management Society: “Use the flexibility of the workplace to increase participation and productivity.”


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