Health Day reporter
Thursday, April 22, 2021 (HealthDay News)-Waking up briefly all night may be more important than making you feel grumpy and depressed. tired In the morning.
“The data highlights more reasons why we need to screen whether people feel refreshed and how much they feel. go to bed They sleep every night. “The spokeswoman of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine, Dr. Andrea Matsumura (Andrea Matsumura) said that he reviewed the results of the study.
Wake up at night is caused by noise, temperature, pain Or pause Breathe as a result of sleep apnea. They are short and unless they are powerful enough to wake you or your bed partner’s attention, you will usually not be aware of their occurrence. However, when these arousals become frequent, they may harm your health.
For this new study, the researchers analyzed data from sleep monitors worn by participants in three studies. A total of 8,000 men and women were tracked, with an average tracking time of 6 to 11 years.
Studies have shown that women who experience more nighttime sleep interruptions for a longer period of time have almost doubled the risk of dying from heart disease and are more likely to die from all other causes than women who sleep better. high.
Researchers found that men with a higher frequency of sleep interruptions at night were about 25% more likely to die of heart disease than men who slept well.
Dominik Linz, associate professor of cardiology at Maastricht University Medical Center in the Netherlands, said that the sleep arousal caused by women or the body’s response to women may be different from men.
Linz said: “Men and women may have different compensation mechanisms to deal with the adverse effects of arousal.”
It is not fully understood how (or even) disrupting sleep can increase the risk of early death, and the purpose of this new study is not to show cause and effect.
But the author of the editorial accompanying the discovery has some theories.
“Many people are often awakened, lack of sleep, and other risks of heart disease, including obesity, hypertension, diabetes with Lung disease“, editorial writer Dr. Valentin Fuster, director of Mount Sinai Heart in New York City.
“During short or intermittent sleep, the activation of sympathetic nerves nervous system And inflammation may play a more direct role,” Fuster said.
Linz said that the best way to improve sleep and reduce nighttime disturbances is to eliminate any stimuli.
Consider using a sound filter to filter out noise and ensure a comfortable temperature in the bedroom. Linz said that if you are overweight or may have sleep apnea, treating these conditions can help relieve “unconscious wakefulness” episodes.
Fuster also offers some other strategies that can extend your lifespan: Use relaxation techniques to reduce stress, such as Yoga, And ensure that any risk of heart disease is controlled.
This new study does have some limitations. It does not consider the use of drugs that may affect sleep. The monitoring is carried out only one night, and the readings of the sleep monitoring often fluctuate between nights. In addition, most of the participants are white and elderly, so the survey results may not be applicable to different populations.
The research and editorial were published on April 20 in European Heart Journal.
Matsumura, who is also a sleep medicine physician at the Portland Oregon Clinic, said the new findings should serve as a wake-up call.
She said: “When people feel unwell and wake up feeling uncomfortable, many people don’t realize that they need to be evaluated by a sleep specialist.”
Songcun added that it is also important to take measures to improve sleep quality.
She said: “Consider establishing a nighttime activity that evokes calm and relaxation, which may include reading, journaling or meditation.” “By making your bedroom quiet, dim and cool, you can reduce noise and distractions, and only in Sleep in bed instead of watching TV or reading a book.”
Matsumura said that limiting alcohol before going to bed, caffeine and large meals will also help you sleep well.
Learn more about healthy sleeping habits on the website American Academy of Sleep Medicine.
Source: Dr. Dominik Linz, Associate Professor of Cardiology, Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht, The Netherlands; Valentin Fuster, MD, PhD, Director of Mount Sinai Heart Hospital, Attending physician, Mount Sinai Hospital, New York City; Andry Andrea Matsumura, MD, MD, sleep medicine physician in Portland, Oregon; European Heart Journal, April 20, 2021