Brain research shows that the development of autism in girls is different from that in boys

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Robert Preidt
Health Day reporter

Thursday, April 22, 2021 (HealthDay News)- Autism A new study shows that boys and girls seem to grow up differently, so the results of a study focused on boys may not apply to girls.

Autism Spectrum Disorder It is four times that of boys, which may help explain why there is so much less research on autism in girls.

Lead researcher Kevin Pelphrey said: “This new research provides us with a roadmap to understand how to better integrate current and future evidence-based interventions with potential brain and genetic features. Match so that we can treat the right individuals the right way.” He is an autism specialist at the University of Virginia School of Medicine and Brain Institute.

Perfrey added at the university press conference: “By revealing that boys and girls may have different reasons, this has greatly promoted our understanding of autism.”

In this study, researchers combined brain imaging with genetic research to learn more about girls’ autism.

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Feature NMR Used to check brain activity in social interactions. The results showed that girls with autism use different brain regions than girls without autism.

According to the study authors, the difference between girls with autism and girls without autism is not the same as the difference between boys with autism and boys without autism, which means participation in autism The brain mechanism of autism varies according to gender.

Researchers also found that girls with autism have a large number of rare gene variants that are active during the early development of a brain region called the striatum. Part of the striatum is thought to be involved in explaining social interaction and language.

The results of the study were published in the journal on April 16 brain.

Perfrey said that ultimately, the research team hopes to use these findings to generate new Autism treatment Strategies tailored for girls.

More information

More information from the American Academy of Pediatrics Autism.

Source: University of Virginia, press release, April 20, 2021

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