Health Day reporter
Friday, April 2, 2021 (HealthDay News)- excess Death caused by a dangerous combination cocaine with Opioids The new US government report warns that the number of deaths caused by cocaine abuse alone exceeds the number of deaths.
Study author Dr. Holly Hedegaard said: “In recent years, the increase in cocaine-related drug overdose mortality is mostly due to the simultaneous occurrence of opioids.”
Due to the common abuse of the two, similar trends have become popular. Methamphetamine And opioids. Starting in 2017, the number of deaths attributed to this pairing began to exceed the number of deaths related to methamphetamine alone.
So far, the role of opioids in cocaine and methamphetamine overdose is still different. For example, 54% of all methacrylic acid-related deaths in 2019 also involved opioids. In contrast, 75.5% of all cocaine-related deaths in 2019 also involved one or more opioids.
Hedegaard, an injury epidemiologist in the Department of Analysis and Epidemiology of the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), believes that these findings may explain why the number of deaths due to cocaine and methaline has been on the rise in recent years.
The overall trends seen in the analysis vary greatly from region to region in the United States. For example, the pairing of cocaine and opioids accounts for more than 83% of all cocaine-related deaths in the Northeast, while it accounts for only 63% in the West.
Similarly, deaths caused by methyl groups and opioids account for nearly 80% of methyl-related deaths in the Northeast, while only 44% in the West.
The research team did not explore why these drug combinations are so deadly.
However, given that “these opioids are very powerful and deadly”, these findings come as no surprise to Lindsey Vuolo, vice president of health law and policy at the Addiction Center in New York. She reviewed the results of the study, but did not participate in the study.
Vuolo said these figures “reflect previous trends: overdose deaths related to cocaine and psychostimulants are increasing. [and] The rate of overdose of synthetic opioids (such as fentanyl) is also increasing. “
In fact, she pointed out that the number of overdose deaths actually reached a record level, and cited the latest data from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention showing that between August 2019 and August 2020, there were approximately 88,000. People died of drug overdose.
Vuolo said: “This is equivalent to more than 240 people every day, an increase of 26.8% over the previous year.”
and,” addictionShe added: “This is why we continue to see such a large number of overdose deaths. People die because they cannot get effective care. These deaths are preventable because addiction is treatable. “
Vuolo said that although the latest research was conducted before the coronavirus pandemic, “the COVID pandemic may lead to an increase in drug overdose.”
She said: “Economic loss, grief, anxiety and social isolation are leading to increased drug use and putting people in recovery at risk of relapse.” “Due to social distancing, people are also increasingly using drugs alone. This means In the event of an overdose, no one can take naloxone-an opioid overdose reversal drug-or call 911, leading to a fatal overdose with a greater risk of naloxone.”
Vuolo added that COVID has also increased the barriers to in-person care, which makes treatment more difficult.
Hedegaard and her colleagues in the April issue of ” Introduction to NCHS data.
More on opioid epidemics on opioids U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Source: Holly Hedegaard, MD, Injury Epidemiologist, Department of Analysis and Epidemiology, National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), Katsville, Maryland; Lindsey Vuolo, Vice President, Health Law and Policy, Center for Addiction, New York City, Doctor of Laws, Ministry of Public Health; Introduction to NCHS data, April 2021