When teenagers use pot, the success rate in adulthood is lower?

Monday, March 29, 2021 (Health Day News)-A new twin study found that the use of hot pot by adolescents may hinder a child’s chances of getting a high salary in the future, which is mainly achieved by interfering with his or her studies .

A teenager who uses more things marijuana The report stated that compared with identical twins, their brothers earn higher salaries than their siblings and therefore are less likely to engage in highly skilled occupations.

That’s not because using the pot causes irreversible damage to their developing brain. Researchers found no evidence of continued destruction of children’s thinking, memory or behavior. Mental Health From juvenile cannabis use.

Jonathan Schaefer, a postdoctoral researcher at the Child Development Institute at the University of Minnesota, said that the twins who smoked more perform worse at school, which put them on a difficult life path.

Researchers found that these teenagers have lower grade points, on average, they have fewer academic motivations, more academic problems, and are more likely to hang out with antisocial peers.

carry on

“These findings suggest that when you talk about the long-term effects of adolescent cannabis use, they may be limited to short-term drug effects that have long-term effects,” Schaefer said. “It is possible that the use of marijuana will cause a temporary decline in motivation, which will make your teenagers poorer academic performance and ultimately lead to a decline in education.”

For this study, Schaefer and his colleagues analyzed data from 2,410 identical twins collected from three long-term studies at the Minnesota Twin and Family Research Center.

Schaefer said that many studies have linked early use of pot with negative outcomes in later life, but this previous study cannot rule out other factors that may affect success, mental health problems, or impaired reasoning skills.

Identical twins have the same genetics, family background and environment, so studying the differences between twins can help researchers filter out other potential factors.

Schaefer said: “It is reported that twins who use more marijuana during adolescence also tend to experience poor socioeconomic outcomes, especially education levels-their journey to school is getting shorter and shorter.” “But they did not experience significantly more There is a high incidence of diagnosable mental health problems, and we have not found any evidence of reduced cognitive ability.”

carry on

The survey results were published on March 29 in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences magazine.

In the end, Linda Richter, vice president of Prevention Research and Analysis for the Addiction Cooperative Organization, said that in the United States, the legalization of marijuana makes parents and teenagers more likely to think that pots are harmless, but studies like this show that this is not the case.

Richter pointed out that the use of pot affects brain areas related to learning, memory and attention.

Richter said: “This study and previous studies have shown that although these effects may not last once cannabis use is stopped, the short-term effects of cannabis on brain function that are critical to academic success may have downstream effects.”

She said: “If a child encounters learning challenges due to marijuana use in middle or high school, it may limit the quality and quantity of academic and professional choices and experiences after middle school, thereby limiting success in adulthood,” she said. Say.

An advocate for legalization pointed out that, however, there are other possible explanations for the findings.

carry on

NORML deputy director Paul Armentano said that many high-paying jobs require drug testing, which will make young people who love marijuana reluctant to pursue lucrative occupations in those industries. Instead, they may choose to work in a service industry that is not subject to drug testing.

Armentano added that being arrested for possession of marijuana may also stain juvenile records, which may affect their ability to obtain university funding or job opportunities.

“Finally, the author should consider that those who are most likely to smoke cannabis may just want to seek jobs in lower-paid or more traditional fields (at least early in life),” Armentano continued. “This may include working at the Park Service, Peace Corps, non-profit advocacy organizations, etc. It seems to me that no one mentions these potential variables is a good oversight.”

More information

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention provides more information about Teens use marijuana.

Source: Dr. Jonathan Schaefer, Postdoctoral Fellow at the Child Development Institute, University of Minneapolis, Minnesota; Dr. Linda Richter, Vice President of Addiction Prevention Research and Analysis, Paul Armentano, Associate Director of NORML, New York; Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, March 29, 2021

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